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Acid Reflux

A medical condition where acid from your stomach flows back up into your esophagus and/or to the back of your throat.  This condition can happen on occasion for many, but chronic acid reflux can commonly cause heart burn, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss.

Risk factors

Obesity, smoking, eating large meals or eating late at night all increase risk of acid reflux.

Symptoms

Burning pain in the chest which usually occurs after eating and worsens when lying down. Some people may experience belching, heartburn, nausea or regurgitation.

Treatments

Relief from lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications is usually temporary. Dietary modification and weight loss.

Medication

Antacids -Counteract the effects of stomach acid.

  • Aluminum hydroxide

  • Calcium carbonate

  • Nizatidine, Ranitidine

  • Sucralfate

  • Cimetidine

  • Famotidine

 Proton-pump inhibitor – Decreases acid release in the stomach

  • Lansoprazole

  •  Rabeprazole

  • Esomeprazole

  • Pantoprazole

  • Dexlasoprazole

  • Omeprazole

  • Antidiarrheal – Reduces frequency and urgency of bowel movements.

  • Bismuth subsalicylate

White Mountain Pharmacy Tip

Many people with acid reflux find that certain foods trigger their symptoms, which is why it is important to have a personalized diet. No diet is the same for everyone. You should track what you eat, the times of day you eat, what symptoms you experience, and speak to your doctor about the foods they recommend and which to avoid.

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